CCEA The Emergence and Evolution of Social Norms

University of Bucharest. Department of Philosophy

204 Splaiul Independentei Sector 6, Bucharest 060024 Phone: +40 21 318 15 56, +40 21 318 29 74 Fax: +40 21 318 52 89

Evolution and The Theory of Games
Evolution and The Theory of Games
Freedom Evolves
Freedom Evolves
Governing the Commons
Governing the Commons
Natural Justice
Natural Justice
The Evolution of Cooperation
The Evolution of Cooperation
The Grammar of Society
The Grammar of Society
înainte înapoi
68 visits
SEND Print


Arthur, William Brian. 2009. The Nature of Technology. What It Is and How It Evolves, New York: Free Press.

Axelrod, Robert. 1984. The Evolution of Cooperation, New York: Basic Books .

———.1986. “An Evolutionary Approach to Norms”, The American Political Science Review, vol. 80, no. 4.

———.1997. The Complexity of Cooperation. Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Axelrod, Robert; Keohane, Robert. 1985. “Achieving Cooperation under Anarchy”, World Politics, vol. 38, issue 1.

Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo; Bonabeau, Eric. 2003. “Scale-free networks”Scientific American, volume 288, no. 5.

Barnett, Randy. 1998. The Structure of Liberty, New York: Oxford University Press.

Bates, R.; Greif, A.; Levi, M.; Rosenthal, J.-L.; Weingast, B. 1998. Analytical Narratives. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Benson, Bruce.1990. The Enterprise of Law. Justice without the State, San Francisco: Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy.

Berners-Lee, Tim et al. 2006. “A Framework for Web Science”, Foundations and Trends in Web Science, vol. 1, issue 1.

Bicchieri, Cristina; Pollack, Martha E.; Rovelli, Carlo; Tsamardinos, Ioannis. 1998. “The potential for the evolution of co-operation among web agents”, International Journal of Human - Computer Studies, vol. 48.

Binmore, Ken. 1994. Game Theory and the Social Contract, volume I: Playing Fair, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

———.1998. Game Theory and the Social Contract, volume II: Just Playing, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

———.2005. Natural Justice, New York: Oxford University Press.

Brandt, Hannelore; Hauert, Cristoph; Sigmund, Karl. 2005. “Punishing and abstaining for public goods”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, vol. 103, no. 2.

Broad, C. D. 1929. The Mind and Its Place in Nature. New York: Harcourt, Brace.

Boella, Guido; van der Torre, Leendert. 2006. “Constitutive Norms in the Design of Normative Multiagent Systems”, in Computational logic in multi agent systems. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Toni, Francesca; Torroni, Paolo. eds.) vol. 3900/2006; Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Boettke, Peter. 2005. “Anarchism as a Progressive Research Program in Political Economy”, Anarchy, State and Public Choice (Stringham, Edward P., ed.), Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing Co.

Bothelo, Harisson et al. 2005. “Social norms and social choice”, Working papers NIMA 30,

Bunzl, Martin. 2002. “Evolutionary Games without Rationality?”, Philosophy of the Social Sciences, volume 32.

Coase, Ronald. 1960. “The Problem of Social Cost”, Journal of Law and Economics, no. 1.

Costreie, Sorin. 2009. “Matematica si biologie” in Staicu, Laurentiu (ed.). 2009. Rationalitate si Evolutie. Explorari filosofice ale complexitatii, Bucuresti: Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti.

Clayton, Philip. 2004. Mind and Emergence: From Quantum to Consciousness. New York and Oxford, U.K.: Oxford Univ. Press.

Danis, Catalina; Lee, Alison. 2005. “Evolution of Norms in a Newly Forming Group”, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 3585/2005, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Decker, Kevin S. 2009. “Teaching Autonomy and Emergence through Pop Culture: Kant, Dewey, and Captain Picard”, Teaching Philosophy, vol. 32, no. 4.

Dennett, Daniel. 1987. The Intentional Stance. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

———. 1995. Darwin’s Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life. New York: Touchstone.

———. 2003. Freedom Evolves. New York: Viking.

Dreyfus, Hubert L. 2001. On the Internet, London: Routledge.

Ellickson, Robert C. 1991. Order Without Law: How Neighbors Settle Disputes, Cambridge MA.: Harvard University Press.

Farrel, Daniel. 1988. “Punishment without the State”, Noûs, vol. 22, no. 3.

Finnemore, Martha; Sikkink, Kathryn. 1998. “International Norm Dynamics and Political Change”, International Organization, vol. 52, no. 4.

Friedmam, David. 2001. Law's Order: What Economics Has to Do with Law and Why It Matters, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Fu, Feng; Chen, Xiaojie; Liu, Lianghuan; Wang, Long. 2007. “Social dilemmas in an online social network: The structure and evolution of cooperation”, Physical Letters A, vol. 371, issues 1-2.

Gambetta, Diego. 1996. The Sicilian Mafia: The Business of Private Protection, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Gintis, Herbert. 2000. Game Theory Evolving, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Gintis, Herbert; Bowles, Samuel; Boyd, Robert; Fehr, Ernst. 2006. Moral Sentiments and Material Interests: The Foundations of Cooperation in Economic Life, Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.

Graves, Mark. 2009. “The Emergence of Transcendental Norms in Human Systems”, Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science, vol. 44, no. 3.

Green, Donald P.; Shapiro, Ian. 1994. Pathologies of rational choice theory: A critique of applications in political science. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Greif, Avner. 2006. Institutions and the path to modern economy: Lessons from medieval trade, Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Hagen, Edward H.; Hammersteing, Peter. 2006. “Game theory and human evolution: A critique of some recent interpretations of experimental games”, Theoretical Population Biology, vol. 69, no. 3.

Hammond, Ross; Axelrod, Robert. 2006. “The Evolution of Ethnocentrism”, Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 50, no. 6.

Hauert et al. 2007. “Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment”, Science no. 316 (5833).

Hayek, Friedrich. 1973. Law, Legislation and Liberty, Vol. 1 Rules and Order, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Hayek, Friedrich. 1969. Counter-Revolution of Science. Studies on the Abuse of Reason, London: Collier-Macmillan Ltd.

Hayek, Friedrich. 1945. “The Use of Knowledge in Society”, The American Economic Review, vol. XXXV, no. 4.

Henrich, Joseph et al. 2001. “In search of Homo economicus: Behavioral experiments in 15 small-scale societies”, American Economic Review, vol. 91, no 2.

Hetcher, Steven A. 2004. Norms in a Wired World, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Humphreys, Paul. 1997. “How Properties Emerge.” Philosophy of Science 64: 1–17.

———. 2008. “Computational and Conceptual Emergence”, Philosophy of Science, 75: 584-594.

Huneman, Philippe. 2008a. “Emergence and Adaptation”, Minds & Machines, 18: 493–520.

———. 2008b. “Emergence Made Ontological? Computational versus Combinatorial Approaches”, Philosophy of Science, 75: 595–607.

Hutman, Ted; Dapretto, Mirella. 2009. “The Emergence of Empathy during Infancy”, Cognition, Brain, Behavior, vol. 13, no. 4.

Iordache, Virgil. 2009. “Conceptul general de evolutie” in Staicu, Laurentiu (ed.). 2009. Rationalitate si Evolutie. Explorari filosofice ale complexitatii, Bucuresti: Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti.

Kameda, Tatsuya; Takezawa, Masanori; Tindale, R. Scott; Smith, Christine M. 2002. “Social Sharing and Risk Reduction: Exploring a Computational Algorithm for the Psychology of Windfall Gains”, Evolution and Human Behaviour, vol. 23, issue 1.

Kameda, Tatsuya; Takezawa, Masanori; Hastie, Reid. 2003. “The Logic of Social Sharing: An Evolutionary Game Analysis of Adaptive Norm Development”, Personality and Social Psychology Review, vol. 7, no. 1.

Kameda, Tatsuya; Takezawa, Masanori; Hastie, Reid. 2005. “Where Do Social Norms Come From? The Example of Communal Sharing”, Current Directions in Psychological Science, vol. 14, no. 6.

Katz Leonard (ed.). 2000. Evolutionary Origins of Morality, London: Imprint Academic.

Khanin, Raya; Wit, Ernst. 2006. “How Scale-Free Are Biological Networks”, Journal of Computational Biology, vol. 13, no. 3.

Lai, Kevin; Feldman, Michal; Stoica, Ion; Chuang, John. 2003. “Incentives for Cooperation in Peer-to-Peer Networks”, 1st Workshop on Economics of Peer-to-Peer Systems, June 2003, Berkeley University, California.

Laughlin, Robert. 2005. A Different Universe, New York: Basic Books.

Mailath, George; Samuelson, Larry. 2006. Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships, New York: Oxford University Press.

Maynard Smith, John. 1982. Evolution and the Theory of Games, Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Maynard Smith, John; Szathmary, Eors. 1999. The Origins of Life, Oxford: Oxford University Press

McGeer, Victoria. 2004. “Developing Trust on the InternetAnalyse & Kritik, no. 26.

Morgan, C. Lloyd. 1923. Emergent Evolution. London: Williams and Norgate.

Morris, Christopher. 1998. An Essay on the Modern State, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Morowitz, Harold. 2002. The Emergence of Everything: How the World Became Complex. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mui, Lik. 2002a. Computational Models of Trust and Reputation: Agents, Evolutionary Games, and Social Networks, PhD Thesis, Cambridge MA: MIT.

Mui, Lik; Mohtashemi, Mojdeh; Halberstadt, Ari. 2002b. “A Computational Model of Trust and Reputation”, Proceedings of the 35th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.

———. 2002c. “Notions of Reputation in Multi-Agents Systems: A Review”, Proceedings of the first international joint conference on Autonomous agents and multiagent systems: part 1; 15-19 July 2002.

Needham, Paul. 2009. “Reduction and emergence: a critique of Kim.”, Philosophical Studies, vol. 146, no. 1.

Nisan, Noam; Roughgarden, Tim; Tardos, Eva; Vazirani, Vijay V. 2007. Algorithmic Game Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Noailly et al. 2007. “Spatial Evolution of Social Norms in a Common-Pool Resource Game”, in Sustainable Resource Use and Economic Dynamics (Bretschger, L.; Smulders, S. eds.), Berlin: Springer.

North, Douglass C. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance, Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

Nozick, Robert. 1974. Anarchy, State and Utopia, New York: Blackwell Publishers.

Opp, Karl-Dieter. 1979. “The Emergence and Effects of Social Norms. A Confrontation of some Hypotheses of Sociology and Economics”, Kyklos, vol. 32, no. 4.

Osberg, Deborah; Biesta, Gert; Cilliers, Paul. 2008. “From Representation to Emergence: Complexity’s challenge to the epistemology of schooling”, Educational Philosophy and Theory, vol. 40, no. 1.

Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action, Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

———. 2000. “Collective Action and the Evolution of Social Norms”, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 14, no. 3.

———. 2007. “The Challenge of Crafting Rules to Change Open Access Resources into Managed Resources”. Available at SSRN:

Palmquist, Stephen. 2007. “Emergence, Evolution, and the Geometry of Logic: Causal Leaps and the Myth of Historical Development”,Foundations of Science, 12: 9-37.

Parvu, Ilie. 2009. “Dincolo de holism si reductionism: un nou tip de cercetare fundamentala in stiintele naturii?” in Staicu, Laurentiu (ed.). 2009. Rationalitate si Evolutie. Explorari filosofice ale complexitatii, Bucuresti: Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti.

Pejovich, Svetozar. 1998. Economic Analysis of Institutions and Systems, Norwell MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Peterson, Gregory. 2006. “Species of Emergence”, Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science, vol. 41, no. 3.

Pettit, Philip. 2008. “Trust, Reliance, and the Internet”, Information Technology and Moral Philosophy (van den Hoven, Jeroen; Weckert, John, eds.), New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rose, Mark. 2010. “The Public Sphere and the Emergence of Copyright: Areopagitica, the Stationers’ Company, and the Statute of Anne”, Tulane Journal of Technology & Intellectual Property, 12: 123-144.

Salmon, James Francis. 2009. “Emergence in Evolution”, Found Chem, 11: 21–32.

Santos, F. C.; Pacheco, J. M. 2005. “Scale-Free Networks Provide a Unifying Framework for the Emergence of Cooperation”, Physical Review Letters, vol. 95.

Savarimuthu, Bastin Tony Roy; Cranefield, Stephen; Purvis, Martin K.; Purvis, Maryam A.. 2009. “Norm emergence in agent societies formed by dynamically changing networks.”, Web Intelligence & Agent Systems, vol. 7, no. 3.

Schmidtz, David. 1991. The Limits of Government, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Shepsle, Kevin. 2008. “Rational Choice Institutionalism”, in The Oxford Handbook of Political Institutions (R. A. W., Rhodes; Binder, Sarah A.; Rockman, Bert A., eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Skyrms, Brian. 1997. Evolution of the Social Contract, Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.

———. 2003. The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sober, Elliott; David Sloan Wilson. 1998. Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.

Socaciu, Emanuel-Mihail. 2009. “Despre o traditie evolutionista in abordarea regulilor morale” in Staicu, Laurentiu (ed.). 2009. Rationalitate si Evolutie. Explorari filosofice ale complexitatii, Bucuresti: Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti.

Solcan, Mihail-Radu. 2003. Freedom, Minds and Institutions, Bucuresti: Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti.

SpectorLee; Klein, Jon. 2006. “Multidimensional Tags, Cooperative Populations, and Genetic Programming”, Genetic Programming Theory and Practice IV (Riolo, R.L.; Soule, T.; Worzel, B. eds.), New York: Springer.

Stephens, Christopher. 1996. “Modelling Reciprocal Altruism”, The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, vol. 47, no. 4.

Strahilevitz, Lior Jacob. 2003. “Charismatic Code, Social Norms, and the Emergence of Cooperation on the File-Swapping Networks”, Virginia Law Review, vol. 89, no. 3.

Tuukka, Kaidesoja. 2009. “Bashkar and Bunge on Social Emergence”, Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, vol. 39, no. 3

Tversky, A.; Kahneman, D. 1981. “The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice”, Science, vol. 211.

Ullmann- Margalit, Edna. 1977. The Emergence of Norms, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Vanberg, Viktor; Buchanan, James. 1990. “Rational Choice and Moral Order”, in Nichols, James; Wright, Colin (eds.), From Political Economy to Economics and Back?, Institute for Contemporary Studies Press.

Vanderschraaf, Peter. 1999. “Game Theory, Evolution, and Justice”, Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol. 28, no. 4.

Vica, Constantin. 2008. “Increderea si tehnologia web”, Analele Universitatii Bucuresti, seria Filosofie, an LVII.

De Waal, Frans; Macedo, Stephen; Ober, Josiah. 2006. Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Ware, Stephen. 1999. “Default Rules from Mandatory Rules. Privatizing Law through Arbitration”, Minnesota Law Review, vol. 83, no. 3.

Weibull, Jorgen. 1997. Evolutionary Games Theory, Cambridge MA: The MIT Press.

Wiegel, Vincent. 2007. SophoLab. Experimental Computational Philosophy, “Simon Stevin Series in the Philosophy of Technology”, vol. 3, Delft: Delft University of Technology.

Zheng, Youquan; Feng, Zhenming. 2001. “Evolutionary Game and Resources Competition in the Internet”, Modern Communication Technologies. SIBCOM-2001. The IEEE-Siberian Workshop of Students and Young Researchers.

Zittrain, Jonathan. 2008. The Future of the Internet. And How to Stop It, New Haven: Yale University Press.


Published at 09.12.2010
University of Bucharest. Department of Philosophy
Project financed by CNCSIS, code TE_61, no 22/2010
Home The Project Team Publications Activities Conference 2011 Partners Contact
Thursday 13 Jun 2024, 22:46
Privacy Research policy Site Map